Hee Jin Kim, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine and Advanced Institute of Biomedical Science and Technology, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea
Pitna Kim, Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine and Advanced Institute of Biomedical Science and Technology, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea
Chan Young Shin Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine and Advanced Institute of Biomedical Science and Technology, Konkuk University, Seoul 143-701, Korea
Journal of Ginseng Research, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 37(1), P. 8 - 29

Published: Jan. 15, 2013

Ginseng is one of the most widely used herbal medicines in human. Central nervous system (CNS) diseases are most widely investigated diseases among all others in respect to the ginseng's therapeutic effects. These include Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, cerebral ischemia, depression, and many other neurological disorders including neurodevelopmental disorders. Not only the various types of diseases but also the diverse array of target pathways or molecules ginseng exerts its effect on. These range, for example, from neuroprotection to the regulation of synaptic plasticity and from regulation of neuroinflammatory processes to the regulation of neurotransmitter release, too many to mention. In …

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The role of time perspective in coping behavior Creative Commons
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Bolotova A.K., Professor, doctor in Psychology Head of the Department National Research University Higher School of Economics Moscow, Russia
Hachaturova M.R. Ph.D in Psychology, lecturer, General and experimental psychology chair, National Research University “Higher School of Economics” Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 6(3), P. 120 - 131

Published: Feb. 18, 2013

This article describes research on the role of time perspective in a person’s choice of coping strategies in interpersonal conflicts. The interrelationship between different types of coping strategies (cognitive, emotional, and behavioral) and the orientation of time perspective are considered. P. G. Zimbardo’s technique, which defines the orientation of time perspective, and E. Heim’s technique, which is directed at exploring coping strategies, are used in our research. The sample consisted of 295 participants: 156 women and 139 men, with an average age of 32 years. The research shows that a future orientation is directly connected with the choice of cognitive …

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Téllez A., Psychology School, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL) Monterrey, México; Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencias de la Salud (CIDICS), Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León Monterrey, México
García C.H., Psychology School, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL) Monterrey, México
Corral-Verdugo V. Universidad de Sonora Hermosillo, México
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(3), P. 27 - 47

Published: Sept. 10, 2015

Quantitative psychological research is focused on detecting the occurrence of certain population phenomena by analyzing data from a sample, and statistics is a particularly helpful mathematical tool that is used by researchers to evaluate hypotheses and make decisions to accept or reject such hypotheses. In this paper, the various statistical tools in psychological research are reviewed. The limitations of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) and the advantages of using effect size and its respective confidence intervals are explained, as the latter two measurements can provide important information about the results of a study. These measurements also can facilitate data interpretation …

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Grishina N.V. Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(1), P. 157 - 160

Published: Jan. 1, 2015

Considering today’s abundance of psychology books, from reprints of timeless classic works through scholarly editions to popular literature, it is hard to expect a new book to become a big event in psychology. However, a book entitled The Phenomenon of Envy is hard to overlook: as observed by the author, very few people are unaffected by envy. Besides, the name of the author, Aleksander I. Dontsov, former head of the Faculty of Psychology at Moscow State University and of the Russian Psychological Society, is well known among Russian scholars.

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Lovakov A.V., Center for Institutional Studies, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Agadullina E.R., School of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Schaufeli W.B. Research Unit Occupational & Organizational Psychology and Professional Learning, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium;
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 10(1), P. 145 - 162

Published: Jan. 1, 2017

This article aims to analyze the psychometric properties of the Russian version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9) by using a sample of 1783 employees of a large Russian organization. We conducted a series of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) tests of the factorial structure and the configural, metric, scalar, factor variance, factor covariance, and factor means invariances of the model across gender and age groups. The validity of the Russian version of the UWES-9 was investigated by study- ing its relationship with burnout, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and turnover inten- tion. The CFA showed that both the 1-factor and …

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Veraksa N.E., Doctor of Psychology, Dean of the Department of Psychology of Education Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky; Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Belolutskaya A.K., PhD in Psychology, Leading researcher of the Laboratory of child development Scientific and Research Institute of Capital Education, Moscow City Teachers' Training University.Moscow, Russia
Vorobyeva I.I., PhD in Psychology, Associate professor Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky, Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Krasheninnikov E.E., PhD in Psychology, Associate professor Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky, Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Rachkova E.V., PhD in Psychology Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Shiyan I.B., PhD in Psychology, Chairperson of the Laboratory of child development Scientific and Research Institute of Capital Education, Moscow City Teachers' Training University. Moscow, Russia
Shiyan O.A. associate professor, PhD in Education, Associate professor Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky, Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 6(2), P. 65 - 77

Published: April 1, 2013

In this article dialectical thinking is regarded as one of the central cognitive processes. Because of this cognitive function we can analyze the development of processes and objects. It also determines the possibilities for the creative transformation of some content and for solving problems. The article presents a description and the results of experimental studies. This evidence proves that dialectical thinking is a specific line of cognitive development in children and adults. This line can degrade during school time if the educational program follows formal logical principles, or it can become significantly stronger if the pedagogy is based on dialectical …

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Security in the worldview of Russians Creative Commons
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Zinchenko Yu. P., Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology
Zotova O.Yu. University of the Humanities Yekaterinburg, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(1), P. 50 - 61

Published: March 10, 2014

This article deals with the role of security in shaping an individual’s standpoints, opinions, attitudes, and unique world picture. It is argued that security/insecurity is a subjective notion of individuals about the absence/presence of threats to their existence. The results of a study of the security notions maintained by Russians are described. The data obtained give grounds to suggest that the following characteristics exist in the ordinary consciousness of Russians: security is perceived as a state associated with inactivity; security is seen as the basis of harmonious interpersonal relations; security is considered a kind of “ideal world” and is understood …

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Extremism from the perspective of a system approach Creative Commons
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Zinchenko Yu. P. Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(1), P. 23 - 33

Published: March 17, 2014

Extremism is seen as a complex, multilevel, and multicomponent phenomenon. The problems of modern science in understanding extremism are revealed. The following bases of extremism as a system phenomenon are singled out: social factors, latent extremism, and extremist acts. It is demonstrated that a system approach makes it possible to shape a notion of a subject as a system, to identify patterns of the manifestations of the given phenomenon, and to translate them into concrete practices.

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Social anxiety in children Creative Commons
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Avakyan T.V., Student at Clinical psychology and psychotherapy chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education Moscow, Russia
Volikova S.V. Assistant professor at Clinical psychology and psychotherapy chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; research fellow at Scientific Research Institute for Psychiatry Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(1), P. 73 - 82

Published: Jan. 1, 2014

Results of research on social anxiety in orphaned children are presented in this article. The goal of this study was to identify the relationship between depressive states, anxiety states, characteristics of the situation at school, and fear of social evaluation in orphaned children. The differences in these parameters between orphaned children and children living with their families were also studied. The sample consisted of 123 teenagers. The main group comprised 57 orphans from an orphanage near the Moscow region, aged 10 to 16 years old. The control group comprised 66 students from a general school, aged 10 to 15 years …

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Vygotsky and Piaget: Scientific concepts Creative Commons
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Alves P.F. Quintino Aires Institute, Clinic of Post-Classical Psychotherapy, Lev Vygotsky Institute, Lisbon, Portugal
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(3), P. 24 - 34

Published: Aug. 15, 2014

Jean Piaget’s so-called biological perspective is often paired with the viewpoint of Lev Vygotsky when we speak of learning in humans. Both authors acknowledged the active role of children in the construction of knowledge. However, they differ in that, unlike Piaget, Vygotsky believed that the assimilation of new information does not have to wait for an appropriate level of development but must, on the contrary, produce that development through instruction; thus, cooperation between teacher and student promotes the development of higher psychological functions. The present research presents proof that school instruction is instrumental in this process. Samples of adults who …

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