Marina О. Leibman, The Earth Cryosphere Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch; Tyumen State Oil and Gas University, Tyumen, Russia
Alexander I. Kizyakov, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Faculty of Geography, Russia
Andrei V. Plekhanov, State Institution “Scientific Center for Arctic study”, Salekhard, Russia
Irina D. Streletskaya State Institution “Scientific Center for Arctic study”, Salekhard, Russia
Geography, environment, sustainability, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(4), P. 68 - 80

Published: Jan. 1, 2014

This paper is based on field data obtained during short visits to a newly formed permafrost feature in a form of relatively narrow, deep crater. Excluding impossible and improbable versions of the crater's development, the authors conclude that it originated from warmer ground temperatures and an increase in unfrozen water content, leading to an increase in pressure from gas emissions from permafrost and ground ice. This conclusion is also supported by known processes in the palaeo-geography of Yamal lakes and recent studies of gas-hydrate behavior and subsea processes in gas-bearing provinces.

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Hanna К. Lappalainen, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Sergej Zilitinkevich, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland; School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Markku Kulmala, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Tuukka Petäjä, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki
Joni Kujansuu, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki
Veli-Matti Kerminen, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki
Anatoly Shvidenko, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis (NASA), Laxenburg, Austria
Jaana Bäck, Dept of Forest Ecology University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Timo Vesala, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Gerrit de Leeuw, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki; Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Antti Lauri, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Taina Ruuskanen, Department of Physics, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Vladimir B. Lapshin, ROS HYDRO MET, Russia
Nina Zaitseva, Department of Earth Sciences, Russian Academy of Sciences, Russia
Olga Glezer, Institute of Geography RAS, Moscow, Russia
Mikhail Arshinov, Institute of Atmospheric Optics SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia
Dominick V. Spracklen, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Steve R. Arnold, School of Earth and Environment, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK
Sirkku Juhola, Dept. of Environmental Sciences, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Heikki Lihavainen, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Yrjö Viisanen, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Helsinki, Finland
Natalia Chubarova, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Sergey Chalov, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Nikolay Filatov, Northern Water Problems Institute, Karelian Research Center of RAS (NWPI)
Andrey Skorokhod, A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics RAS, Moscow, Russia
Nikolay Elansky, A.M. Obukhov Institute of Atmospheric Physics RAS, Moscow, Russia
Egor Dyukarev, Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems SB RAS, Tomsk, Russia
Igor Esau, Nansen Environmental and Remote Sensing Center / Bjerknes Centre for Climate Research, Bergen, Norway
Pertti Hari, Dept of Forest Ecology University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
Vladimir Kotlyakov, Institute of Geography RAS, Moscow, Russia
Nikolay Kasimov, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Valery Bondur, AEROCOSMOS Research Institute for Aerospace Monitoring, Moscow, Russia
Gennady Matvienko, Institute of Geography RAS, Moscow, Russia
Alexander Baklanov, World Meteorological Organization, Geneve, Switzerland; Danish Meteorological Institute, Copenhagen, Denmark
Evgeny Mareev, Dept, of Radiophysics, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Yuliya Troitskaya, Dept, of Radiophysics, Nizhny Novgorod State University, Nizhny Novgorod, Russia
Aijun Ding, Institute for Climate and Global Change Research & School of Atmospheric Sciences, University of Nanjing, China
Huadong Guo Institute of Remote Sensing and Digital Earth, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China
Geography, environment, sustainability, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(2), P. 13 - 48

Published: Jan. 1, 2014

The Pan-Eurasian Experiment (PEEX) is a new multidisciplinary, global change research initiative focusing on understanding biosphere-ocean- cryosphere-climate interactions and feedbacks in Arctic and boreal regions in the Northern Eurasian geographical domain. PEEX operates in an integrative way and it aims at solving the major scientific and society relevant guestions in many scales using tools from natural and social sciences and economics. The research agenda identifies the most urgent large scale research guestions and topics of the landatmosphere-aquatic-anthropogenic systems and interactions and feedbacks between the systems for the next decades. Furthermore PEEX actively develops and designs a coordinated and coherent ground …

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Брикнер Александр Густавович Российский историк немецкого происхождения, профессор кафедры истории Дерптского университета; отец географа и метеоролога Эдуарда Брикнера. Занимался, главным образом, исследованием процесса европеизации России.

Published: Jan. 1, 1876

Успех преподавания каждой науки значительно обусловливается степенью развития метода, общепринятых и оказавшихся целесообразными практических приемов; чем более развиты метод и приемы преподавания любой науки, тем легче могут быть пополняемы пробелы в отношении к пособиям, учебникам по данному предмету; с другой стороны,—чем богаче и лучше устроен прибор преподавания (Lehrapparat) какой-либо науки, тем легче и тем успешнее профессора при университетском преподавании решают сложную и трудную - задачу сообщения своим слушателям главного содержания науки и существенных правил для занятий ею.

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