Bacterial Enzymes and Antibiotic Resistance Creative Commons
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Egorov A.M., M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University
Ulyashova M.M., M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University
Rubtsova M.Y. M.V. Lomonosov Moscow State University
ACTA NATURAE, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 10(4), P. 33 - 48

Published: Jan. 1, 2018

The resistance of microorganisms to antibiotics has been developing for more than 2 billion years and is widely distributed among various representatives of the microbiological world. Bacterial enzymes play a key role in the emergence of resistance. Classification of these enzymes is based on their participation in various biochemical mechanisms: modification of the enzymes that act as antibiotic targets, enzymatic modification of intracellular targets, enzymatic transformation of antibiotics, and the implementation of cellular metabolism reactions. The main mechanisms of resistance development are associated with the evolution of superfamilies of bacterial enzymes due to the variability of the genes encoding them. …