Problems and Perspectives in Management

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2021

Petro Pererva, Doctor of Economics, Professor, Head of the Department of Management of Innovative Entrepreneurship and International Economic Relations, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine; Prof. Higher School of Labour Safety Management (WSZOP), Katowice, Poland. (Corresponding author)
Maxim Tkachov, Ph.D. in Есоnоmiсs, Associate Professor of Law, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Maxim Tkachov, Ph.D. in Есоnоmiсs, Associate Professor of General Economic Theory, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Tetiana Kobielieva, Doctor of Economics, Associate Professor of the Management of Innovative Entrepreneurship and International Economic Relations, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Nаdеzhdа Tkасhovа Ph.D. in Есоnоmiсs, Associate Professor of Economics and Marketing, National Technical University “Kharkiv Polytechnic Institute”, Kharkiv, Ukraine
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2021, Volume and Issue: 19(1), P. 24 - 38

Published: Jan. 20, 2021

Significant transformations in economic relations and increased competition have posed enterprises with extremely complex tasks in the field of corporate governance. Mainly it concerns the systems of corporate governance, in which the principles of vertical organization are losing relevance, and the effectiveness of management largely depends on the balance of interests of participants (stakeholders) who can actively influence the production and commercial policy of the enterprise to distribute its resources in their favor. T he study aims to develop proposals to ensure the effective interaction of the enterprise with stakeholders, based on establishing an optimal balance of material (value) interests, …

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24-38

Setyo Riyanto, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Management, Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia
Endri Endri, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Management, Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia. (Corresponding author)
Endri Endri M.Sc., Student, Faculty of Economics and Business, Department of Management, Universitas Mercu Buana, Indonesia
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2021, Volume and Issue: 19(3), P. 162 - 174

Published: Aug. 20, 2021

Technological developments are things that must be followed by companies to achieve a competitive advantage to improve performance. To achieve and improve performance, companies need active employee engagement by encouraging motivation and fulfilling their job satisfaction. This study aims to analyze the effect of motivation and job satisfaction on performance with employee engagement as a mediating variable. The research sample is Information Technology (IT) companies located in the cities of Jakarta and Bandung, Indonesia. Research respondents are system developers who handle system development activities for a project or part of an ongoing project. By using the convenience sampling technique 103 …

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162-174

2020

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2020, Volume and Issue: 18(2), P. 194 - 205

Published: Aug. 4, 2020

T he global crisis caused by COVID-19 pandemic and the introduction of long-term international quarantine measures have had a very negative impact on the tourism industry. The paper aims to analyze the sectoral losses of the tourism industry during quarantine due to the COVID-19 pandemic in Lviv, a city whose historical center is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. The article highlights the potential of the tourism industry before the introduction of quarantine measures, as well as using extrapolation methods estimates the economic losses of the tourist industry of Lviv in the conditions of long-term quarantine. Besides, the anti-crisis …

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194-205

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2020, Volume and Issue: 18(2), P. 46 - 56

Published: April 24, 2020

Even though psychological capital has been identified as an important issue in the workplace, little research has focused on it through organizational support. Drawing on leadership theory and conservation of resources theory, this article examines the mediating role of organizational support in the relationship between leadership behavior and psychological capital in insurance companies in Jordan. The questionnaires were distributed randomly. Out of 350 questionnaires, 335 questionnaires were effective for analysis, after analyzing the data using the statistical program SmartPLS version 3.2.6. Based on the theories, a significant impact of organizational support on the relationship between leadership behavior and psychological capital …

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46-56

Lenka Veselovská Slovak Republic
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2020, Volume and Issue: 18(2), P. 490 - 500

Published: June 6, 2020

T he world finds itself facing unprecedented conditions as the global pandemic of the COVID-19 virus has led to fundamental changes in the global supply chains. This paper aims to assess the initial response undertaken by Central European companies in the early stages of the outbreak. The survey was conducted as a research method to collect data from a large number of companies. Since it takes time to assess long-term effects of the pandemic and related measures, various changes in supply chains are examined as the early results of the COVID-19 crisis and measures implemented by companies. The study examines …

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490-500

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2020, Volume and Issue: 18(3), P. 56 - 66

Published: Sept. 14, 2020

Enhanced positive outcomes and benefits require project management to be integrated with knowledge management (KM) to induce ambidexterity and project success. To offer an empirical insight into this issue and advance the field of knowledge further, this research studies the mediating role of ambidexterity within the KM project success connection. The data collected from a sample of 350 senior people who have familiarity with relevant capital projects in the manufacturing companies in Jordan were analyzed using the algorithm of partial least squares (PLS) and bootstrapping techniques. The f indings of the study show that KM is an integral aspect of …

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Muhtar Lutfi, Dr., Associate Professor, Department of Economics and Development Studies, Faculty of Economics and Business, Tadulako University, Indonesia. (Corresponding author)
Erdiyansyah, Lecturer, Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Science, Tadulako University, Indonesia
Erdiyansyah, Dr., Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Tadulako University, Indonesia
Pricylia Chintya Dewi Buntuang, M.Sc., Lecturer, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Tadulako University, Indonesia
Yoberth Kornelius M.Sc., Associate Professor, Department of Management, Faculty of Economics and Business, Tadulako University, Indonesia
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2020, Volume and Issue: 18(3), P. 492 - 503

Published: Oct. 12, 2020

This study aims to investigate the impact of social distancing policies on SMEs in Indonesia. It used a quantitative method with a survey design. Respondents were all SMEs in Indonesia that are affected by social distancing policies during the COVID-19 pandemic. It involved a total of 587 SME samples selected randomly. The data were collected through observations, questionnaires, and literature studies. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive statistics with SPSS software to determine the mean value. The result showed that social distancing policies affect SMEs during the COVID-19 pandemic. This is indicated by the decreasing income and demand for …

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492-503

Leonid Melnyk, Doctor of Economics, Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration, Sumy State University, Ukraine. (Corresponding author
Hanna Sommer, Ph.D., Faculty of Management, Rzeszów University of Technology, Poland
Oleksandra Kubatko, Ph.D. in Economics, Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration, Sumy State University, Ukraine
Marcin Rabe, Ph.D., Faculty of Management and Economics of Services, University of Szczecin, Szczecin, Poland
Svitlana Fedyna Ph.D. Student, Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration, Sumy State University, Ukraine
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2020, Volume and Issue: 18(3), P. 37 - 48

Published: Oct. 9, 2020

There are continuous research and practical interest to combine different renewable sources within one Smart Grid network. The paper aims to estimate the influence of key economic and social drivers of renewable energy and Smart Grid promotion in OECD member countries. The random effect of the generalized least squares method was used to estimate the empirical model based on the World Bank, OECD, Heritage Foundation, and World Energy Council datasets for a panel of 36 OECD counties. For the empirical estimation, the dependent variables considered are energy renewable electricity output and energy trilemma index, taken as two proxies for Smart …

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37-48

2019

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2019, Volume and Issue: 17(1), P. 142 - 151

Published: March 1, 2019

This paper is mainly to study implementation of organizational culture in enhancing business competitiveness. Culture is seen as a soft system tool that reflects beliefs that are able to drive business performance in an international environment. Today, culture is a part of instrument to measure organizational readiness in managing business in an international environment. The research is focused on evaluatiny organizational culture in international-scale hotel in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. International-scale hotels are faced with differences in the nature of employees and customers, so management needs to develop a culture type as a strategy to encourage business competitiveness. T he research applies …

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Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2019, Volume and Issue: 17(1), P. 117 - 129

Published: Feb. 27, 2019

The development of technology is unbelievably rapid. From limited local networks to high speed Internet, from crude computing machines to powerful semi-conductors, the world had changed drastically compared to just a few decades ago. In the constantly renewing process of adapting to such an unnaturally high-entropy setting, innovations as well as entirely new concepts, were often born. In the business world, one such phenomenon was the creation of a new type of entrepreneurship. This paper proposes a new academic discipline of computational entrepreneurship, which centers on: (i) an exponentially growing (and less expensive) computing power, to the extent that almost …

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117-129

Jakob Issa Germany
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2019, Volume and Issue: 17(3), P. 323 - 341

Published: Oct. 4, 2019

This article presents a literature review of 49 empirical studies on key audit matter (KAM) disclosure in audit reports. The study involves a structured literature review on KAM disclosure based on the reactions of stakeholders. The limitations of former studies and useful recommendations for research are stressed. Five major streams of empirical research that analyze the impact of KAM disclosure on stakeholders’ reactions are focused: (1) shareholders (e.g. investors’ perceptions of auditors’ responsibility and litigation, value relevance and investors’ decisions); (2) debtholders (e.g. loan contracting terms); (3) external auditors (e.g. audit processes and audit fees); (4) boards of directors (e.g. …

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323-341

Li Rui, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Research Center of Western Energy Economy and Regional Development, Economics Institute, Xi’an University of Finance and Economics, China
Lina Sineviciene, Ph.D., Associate Professor, Kaunas University of Technology, Kaunas, Lithuania
Leonid Melnyk, Doctor in Economics, Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration, Sumy State University, Ukraine
Oleksandr Kubatko, Doctor in Economics, Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration, Sumy State University, Ukraine
Oleksandra Karintseva, Doctor in Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration, Sumy State University, Ukraine
Oleksii Lyulyov Doctor in Economics, Associate Professor, Department of Economics, Entrepreneurship and Business Administration, Sumy State University, Ukraine
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2019, Volume and Issue: 17(3), P. 233 - 241

Published: Sept. 22, 2019

Rapid economic reforms and proper GDP growth in China has affected the regional development of Chinese provinces. This study aims to estimate the degree of economic and environmental disparities within Chinese provinces for developing policy recommendations of regional transformation. The reduced log-linear specification of endogenous growth model is used for the estimation of convergence rates within Chinese provinces. The empirical results prove that an increase of 1% in GDP per capita basic year reduces the economic growth rate by 0.1% in the reference year. Thus, the ratio of the average per capita income in the wealthiest group to poorest provinces …

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233-241

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2019, Volume and Issue: 17(4), P. 381 - 391

Published: Dec. 27, 2019

The development of human civilization is related to the constant change of economic formations, and the current social and economic situation is determined by such concepts as Society 5.0, Fourth, and Fifth Industrial Revolutions (FIR, FiIR). The paper aims to estimate the change of human role in each economic formation caused by industrial revolutions. A structured review methodology with a focus on biological, labor, and personal entity of human within the industrial revolutions is used. The description of the changes between the biological, labor, and personality entities of human in various socio-economic formations is discussed. The human as a biological …

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381-391

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2019, Volume and Issue: 17(4), P. 163 - 175

Published: Dec. 2, 2019

T he reckless pursuit of social, environmental, political and cultural issues and brands may alienate the very customer base, whom they try to impress, especially the millennials. Hence, this study intends to study the perceptions of millennials towards brand activism, so that the findings from the study can help the brand managers to steer their brands into the troubled waters of brand activism. The methodology followed is HTAB (Hypothesize, Test, Action, Business), a popular analysis framework given by Ken Black in his book titled “Business Statistics: Contemporary Decision Making (6th ed.)” A sample comprising of 286 respondents was collected. The …

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163-175

2018

Analysis of eSports as a commercial activity Creative Commons
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Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 16(1), P. 207 - 213

Published: March 5, 2018

T he article deals with eSports as a perspective kind of commercial activity. The research urgency is determined by the fact that, given the active increase of eSports market with growth rates of more than 30% per year, the types of commercial activities in this field and in scientific papers are not studied in an adequate degree. T he purpose of the article is to evaluate the commercial activity development in eSports and to determine the perspectives for its further growth in Ukraine. In order to determine the key types of commercial activity in eSports, the main sources of revenue …

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207-213

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 16(1), P. 105 - 114

Published: Feb. 14, 2018

T he main objective of this research is to study the role and impact of fiscal decentralization on the macroeconomic stability of the country. The paper analyzes and systematizes approaches to the definition of ‘macroeconomic stability’ concept. T he key factors that impact macroeconomic stability are identified. In the framework of this research, the authors identify fiscal decentralization as one of the factors affecting macroeconomic stability. To determine the strength and statistical significance of the above mentioned relationship, the authors suggest presenting macroeconomic stability as a functional dependency between macroeconomic stability and the level of fiscal decentralization, which is described …

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105-114

Ghazi Ben Saad, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Muzaffar Abbas Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 16(3), P. 207 - 218

Published: Aug. 9, 2018

This research aims to assess direct and indirect influences of organizational culture on job performance, as well as to evaluate the impact of each sub-element of organizational culture on such performance. It is argued that employees performance derives, on the one hand, from a long-term perspective related to changes that organizations manage and implement during their process of growth. A second dimension of organizational culture can be given through organizational values, routines and distinctive aspects of culture that allow organizations to create solid competitive advantages. Since most studies in this field were held in Western work cultures, this paper will …

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207-218

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 16(3), P. 259 - 268

Published: Aug. 8, 2018

This small-scale study aimed to explore the different factors that help or hinder the achievement of competitive advantage through the possession and development of intellectual capital and the delivery of effective knowledge management in a sample of Jordanian universities. Using a quantitative methodology, underpinned by a pragmatist theoretical approach, an electronic survey was conducted with staff working within three established universities based in Jordan. The concepts of intellectual capital, knowledge management and competitive advantage within an academic setting are f irst explored before focusing more specifically on investigating how different factors influence these and impact on competitive advantage. Overall, the …

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259-268

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 16(4), P. 201 - 211

Published: Nov. 8, 2018

T he present article presents an approach to evaluating the transformation of the industrial complex in the context of deep penetration of digital technologies into the material sector of the economy. The authors propose a theoretical research platform based on the theory of a new industrial society, substantiate a methodology, which comprises reproduction, institutional and synergetic approaches. The study showed that the transformation of the industrial complex, caused by any factors and implemented in any conditions, is always a discrete process of qualitative changes, resulting in significant structural changes and institutional transformations. The authors proposed a methodology to define the …

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201-211

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 16(4), P. 155 - 168

Published: Oct. 8, 2018

This paper examines the economic relationships between oil price volatility and socially-economic development of 14 Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) using the annual panel data for the period 1990–2014 obtained from the World Bank (WB) statistical data sets. Hausman specification test has been performed to choose the method of panel data analysis, and the results were in favor of fixed effects estimation. The main findings indicate the direct relationship between economic growth and oil price volatility. The research supports the hypothesis that an increase in crude oil prices is positively related to GDP, and a 10% increase in …

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155-168

2017

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 15(1), P. 63 - 71

Published: March 28, 2017

“Employee turnover” as an expression is broadly used in business organization. Despite the fact that several studies have been performed on this topic, little research has been conducted on examining the causes and leading factors of turnover as well, as advising some feasible approaches, which can be applied by bosses to ensure that employees will continue in their respective organizations to enhance organizational effectiveness and productivity. The main purpose of this study is to determine the reasons and key factors in the perspectives of the relevant literature and identify to the intention of employee turnover. This conceptual paper also suggests …

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63-71

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 15(2), P. 19 - 35

Published: June 7, 2017

Corporate social responsibility (CSR) reporting plays a key role in management control, particularly in light of the increased demand for non-financial reporting after the f inancial crisis of 2008–2009. This literature review evaluates 47 empirical studies that concentrate on the influence of several board composition variables on the quantity and quality of CSR reporting. The author briefly introduces the research framework that underpins current empirical studies in this field. This is followed by a discussion of the main variables of board composition: (1) committees (audit and CSR committees), (2) board independence, (3) board expertise, (4) CEO duality, (5) board diversity …

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19-35

Crispen Chipunza, South Africa
Bulelwa Malo South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 15(2), P. 148 - 161

Published: July 8, 2017

The South African higher education sector introduced structural changes, which resulted in the creation of universities of technology, (hereafter referred to as UoTs). There, however, has the not been any known studies that investigated organizational culture and job satisfaction among academic professionals at these new types of institutions in the country. This study’s main objective was to determine perceptions of organizational culture and their impact on job satisfaction among academic professionals at a University of Technology in the Free State Province, South Africa. The study’s respondents had positive perceptions of the organizational culture with academic professionals showing satisfaction with co-worker …

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148-161

2016

Michael C. Cant, South Africa
Johannes A. Wiid South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(1), P. 64 - 70

Published: March 2, 2016

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) play a vital role in all economies around the world, they are responsible for creating of jobs, alleviating of poverty, contributing to innovation and to the gross domestic product of a country. However, many of these businesses face challenges and often fail within a short period of time. The success of small businesses is not only having products and a market to sell them to but also effective marketing of these products to the targeted market. A vast array of studies have investigated SME marketing tool usage however few have looked to SMEs in emerging …

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64-70

Sharmilee Sitharam, South Africa
Muhammad Hoque South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(2), P. 277 - 288

Published: June 13, 2016

Small and medium enterprises (SMEs) have an important role to play in the development of the country. A strong SME sector contributes highly to the economy, contributing to the gross domestic product, by reducing the level of unemployment, reduction in poverty levels and promotion of entrepreneurship activity. In South Africa (SA), the growth of SMEs and prevalence of SMEs is significantly low. Therefore, the aim of the study is to identify the internal and external factors affecting the performance of SMEs in KwaZulu-Natal, SA. This was a cross-sectional study conducted among 74 SMEs owners/managers who were members of the Durban …

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277-288

Olawumi D. Awolusi, South Africa
Olufemi P. Adeyeye South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(2), P. 289 - 297

Published: June 13, 2016

Several studies have been conducted to examine the influence of foreign direct investment (FDI) inflow on economic growth. Indeed, the overall evidence is best characterized as mixed. This paper investigates the effect of FDI on economic growth in some randomly selected African economies from 1980 to 2013, using a modified growth model by Agrawal and Khan (2011). This model consists of Gross Domestic Product, Human Capital, International Technology Transfer, Labor Force, FDI and Gross Capital Formation (GCF). Ordinary least squares and generalized method of moments were used as the estimation techniques. Of all the results, only Gross Capital Formation, Human …

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289-297

Ruth Alas, Estonia
Mohamed Mousa Estonia
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(2), P. 130 - 137

Published: June 1, 2016

The French Ecole Supérieure Libre des Sciences Commercial Appliquées (ESLSCA) in Paris is one of the most important global culturally diverse private business schools in terms of its number of branches and its history. ESLSCA has had a branch in Cairo in Egypt for about 17 years. This qualitative study seeks to focus on ESLSCA-Egypt branch to investigate the extent to which cultural diversity is included in its MBA curricula. The main methods for collecting data are document analysis, a number of semi-structured interviews, and a review of relevant literature. The study findings have meaningful implications for the practices of …

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130-137

Peter Kamala South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(2), P. 46 - 55

Published: May 11, 2016

High failure rate of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) has been partly attributed to the use of inappropriate performance measures. This study seeks to determine the types of performance measures employed by SMEs, purpose for which performance measures are used, perceived effectiveness of performance measures used and factors that may inhibit SMEs from using both financial and non-financial performance measures. Data are collected using a questionnaire and analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The findings of this study reveal that most of the sampled SMEs measure their performance using both financial and non-financial performance measures, albeit financial performance measures are …

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46-55

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(2), P. 325 - 330

Published: June 13, 2016

Time after time, different economies, such as the world economy or a national economy, are exposed to diverse fluctuations of various origins. The reasons for this can be multifold. Thus, in the context of an economic crisis, staying ahead of competition is vital for any company’s survival. In addition, each year, the global competition becomes tougher. The fundamental question of modern management of an enterprise is how to achieve competitive advantage and hold it. Consequently, the effective management of an enterprise, based on a rational use of resources, comes to the fore. The goal of this research is to analyze …

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325-330

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(3), P. 317 - 324

Published: Oct. 15, 2016

The main purpose of this study is analyzing the relationship between organizational citizenship behavior and market orientation. This study is an applied research in terms of the purpose based on a descriptive correlational method. The statistical population included all employees of Agricultural Jihad Organization of Mazandaran province consisting of 1923 persons. 391 people (male and female) were selected using random stratified sample. Data were collected through two standard questionnaires: Podsakoff’s (2003) organizational citizenship behavior (24 questions) and Fazel’s (2012) organizational performance (13 questions). Validity of questionnaires was confirmed by experts and reliability of them was confirmed using Cronbach’s coefficient alphabet. …

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317-324

Best practice in entrepreneurship education Creative Commons
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Chris Schachtebeck, South Africa
Cecile Nieuwenhuizen, South Africa
John Davids South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 14(3), P. 528 - 536

Published: Oct. 29, 2016

This study identifies and discovers best practices in entrepreneurship education from highly-ranked universities and business schools globally. The study has been qualitative in nature, utilizing semi-structured interviews with 23 respondents at 12 higher education institutions. The study has made use of non-probability sampling by means of a convenience sampling approach. Data have been analyzed by means of thematic analysis. Results indicate that best practices in entrepreneurship education include little to no specialization at undergraduate level, with a strong preference for generic and widely applicable entrepreneurship modules. Individual entrepreneurship-related modules contain distinct individual themes. These modules are most commonly structured as …

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528-536

2015

Firm failure causes: a population level study Creative Commons
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Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 13(1), P. 45 - 55

Published: March 11, 2015

Business failure may be the result of either voluntaristic (internal) firm actions/decisions, deterministic environmental (external) events or both given causes (integrative approach). This study examines the prevalence of these causes of business failure. Results indicate that the largest proportion of firm failures is explained by the integrative approach, although two other perspectives hold a prominent role also. Moreover, internal causes of failure are more frequent than external. The findings based on multinomial logistic regression revealed that the causes of failure also vary with the size and age of firms. The implications of the results for research and practice are discussed

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45-55

Ndivhuho Tshikovhi, South Africa
Richard Shambare South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 13(1), P. 152 - 158

Published: April 10, 2015

This paper investigates how action-based entrepreneurship training influences entrepreneurial knowledge and personal attitudes, which in turn reportedly develop individuals’ entrepreneurship intentions. A cohort of students who had undergone social entrepreneurship training under the auspices of Enactus South Africa was studied to determine the relationship between these three key variables associated with entrepreneurship tendencies. The study, in particular, addresses the question of whether practical entrepreneurship training bears any consequences on developing students’ personal attitudes, entrepreneurship knowledge, and entrepreneurship intentions. Stratified sampling techniques were utilized to collect data from 355 Enactus South Africa students from the constituent 27 colleges and universities that …

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152-158

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 13(1), P. 67 - 77

Published: March 11, 2015

The authors study the effect on performance of family endowment on the business from the perspective of socioemotional wealth (SEW), i.e. the stock of affect-related value which the family attaches to the business. The researchers analyze the impact of ownership and board characteristics on profitability, taking into account the possible moderating factors of the family generational stage, firm size, qualified presence of non-family shareholders and firm risk. The authors analyze 2,884 medium-large Italian private firms comparing 1,944 family and 940 non-family firms using correlation and pooling GLS regressions during 2001-2010. It is shown that in the first generational stage family …

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67-77

2014

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(1), P. 121 - 131

Published: April 1, 2014

The balanced scorecard (BSC) is one of the most widely used and discussed management concepts in the world. Although many BSC success stories have been cited in the practitioner-oriented literature and in the business media, researchers have shown that the implementation of BSC can be a complicated process. There are many pitfalls and dysfunctional consequences associated with the implementation and use of the BSC. Still, little research is conducted on BSC implementation issues. This paper reports on a qualitative study of Scandinavian BSC users. Based on interview data, the paper identifies four main problem areas associated with the implementation of …

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121-131

Marc Eulerich, Leuphana University Lueneburg: Lueneburg, DE
Patrick Velte, Leuphana University Lueneburg: Lueneburg, DE
Carolin van Uum Leuphana University Lueneburg: Lueneburg, DE
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(1), P. 25 - 39

Published: Feb. 25, 2014

For the last two decades, board diversity is increasingly considered as a significant mechanism of good corporate governance. Thus, the question arises whether a heterogeneously or rather a homogenously composed board contributes to the efficiency of a company’s management and monitoring. Especially national and international regulators and standard setters consider board diversity to be associated with an increasing firm performance. Therefore, the economic impact of board diversity aspects needs to be investigated empirically. This study examines the relationship between diversity within management boards and corporate performance for the German two-tier system by presenting a comprehensive literature analysis as well as …

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25-39

Leonid Melnyk, Sumy State University: Sumy, Rimskogo-Korsakova str 2, UA
Oleksandr Kubatko, Sumy State University: Sumy, Rimskogo-Korsakova str 2, UA
Serhiy Pysarenko Sumy State University: Sumy, Rimskogo-Korsakova str 2, UA
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(1), P. 17 - 24

Published: Feb. 20, 2014

The study investigates the impact of foreign direct investing on economic development of post Comecon transition economy countries. Neoclassical growth theory model is used to analyze the effects of FDI on economic growth. The results show significant FDI influence on economic growth of host countries. The paper concludes with explaining the results and suggesting some policy recommendations

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17-24

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(3), P. 81 - 90

Published: Sept. 18, 2014

Since its introduction more than 20 years ago the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) has garnered the interest of both academics and practitioners. In the ‘official’ practitioner-oriented literature the BSC’s main proponents Kaplan and Norton have touted the concept’s potential performance enhancing effects. Academics have been more skeptical, and have not found a clear-cut relationship between the use of the BSC and organizational performance. It appears that some uses of the BSC may increase performance, while other types of BSC use might decrease it. Still, research has shown that the concept is widely used in practice, more than 20 years after its …

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81-90

Adekunle Oluwole Binuyo, Babcock University: Ilishan-Remo, Ogun, NG
Rafiu Adewale Aregbeshola Babcock University: Ilishan-Remo, Ogun, NG
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(3), P. 59 - 68

Published: Sept. 18, 2014

This paper contributes to the ongoing debate regarding the contribution of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to firm’s performance. As the ICT impact on bank performance is beyond the scope pf most similar studies, this study further investigates the impact of Information and Communication Technology Cost Efficiency (ICTCE) on the performance of banks as well. The study assessed the impact of ICT on the performance of South African banking industry using annual data over the period 1990-2012 published by Bankscope – World banking information source. Data analysis is carried out in a dynamic panel environment using the orthogonal transformation approach. …

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59-68

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 253 - 264

Published: Dec. 15, 2014

It has been widely advocated that SMEs create most of the jobs in an economy. However, studies from both the developed and developing world have shown that only a small amount of SMEs create most of the jobs in an economy. These set of SMEs have been termed high quality firms that grow and create the much needed jobs. While studies from the developed world have identified a number of factors that depict the quality of a firm, there is however, little empirical evidence from the developing world on firm quality. This study has as main objective to determine the …

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253-264

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 225 - 231

Published: Nov. 19, 2014

The article provides a direct test of the applicability of a western paradigm to Russia – a country with a different cultural and economic system. This article aims to give knowledge-intensive companies in Tatarstan (Russia) a better understanding about influence of their level of market orientation on business performance. This study validated Kohli and Jaworski’s market orientation scale in knowledge-intensive industries, particularly in small and medium knowledge-intensive companies in Russia. The findings show that the market orientation has a positive impact on nancial and non-financial business performance in knowledge-intensive industries. It is important for hi-tech companies to improve their performance …

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225-231

Pervashnee Naidoo, South Africa
Nico Martins South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 433 - 441

Published: Dec. 15, 2014

The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship between organizational culture and work engagement. Work engagement is shown to be powerfully linked to a range of business success outcomes. Although a large number of studies investigate the link between employees’ work engagement and organizational variables, there remains a dearth of scientific research on organizational culture and its impact on work engagement. A quantitative research design is undertaken in a South African ICT company. A total of 455 employees complete the South African Culture Instrument and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale. Correlation analysis shows that all the dimensions of …

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433-441

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 213 - 220

Published: Oct. 19, 2014

The present study highlights the importance of alignment between a business model (BM) and business processes. The authors employ a case study method and analyze a young company focused on R&D in high technology. In order to explicate the observations, the researchers invoke the newly developed ‘VIP framework’ (Solaimani and Bouwman, 2012). The research reveals that the business processes (BP) carried out in the company must fit the stated business model. The case study demonstrates how some of the processes are not optimal and efficient, and that the two main requirements for achieving a higher level coherence and consistency between …

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213-220

Simon Radipere, South Africa
Shepherd Dhliwayo South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 7 - 12

Published: Oct. 21, 2014

This study examines the effect that age and business size have on business performance. A structured research instrument was used to collect data from 500 SMEs in retail industry through interviewer administrated and selfadministrated survey and 93% of questionnaires were returned. The results show that there is no statistical significant difference between the means of business size and business performance. There is no significant difference between the age categories; under one year and 20 years and more and business performance. Age is no longer a significant factor in a company’s performance after twenty years. Life cycle approach of the company …

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7-12

A model to measure employee engagement Creative Commons
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Lailah Imandin, South Africa
Christo Bisschoff, South Africa
Christoff Botha South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 520 - 532

Published: Dec. 16, 2014

The objective of this article is to develop a model to measure employee engagement. In doing so, the article firstly develops a theoretical model by identifying employee engagement constructs from the literature. Secondly, identifying measuring criteria of these constructs from the literature, and thirdly, to validate the theoretical model to measure employee engagement in South Africa. The theoretical model consists of 11 employee engagement constructs, measured by a total of 94 measuring criteria. The empirical process of validation employed data collected from 260 respondents who study towards an MBA degree at two private business schools in KwaZulu-Natal. The validation process …

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520-532

Emmanuel K. Oseifuah University of Venda: Thohoyandou, Limpopo, ZA
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 581 - 588

Published: Dec. 16, 2014

Peter Drucker (1986), in “Management: Tasks, responsibilities, and practices” states that business enterprises and public-service institutions, are organs of society which do not exist for their own sake, but to fulfil a specific social purpose and to satisfy need of society, community, or individual. To achieve the above objectives, managers of these institutions must plan, control and make decisions about the resources entrusted to their care. A key element of efficient organizational decision making is to use reliable information, both operational and managerial accounting data for analysis and decision support. This can be achieved by using activity-based costing (ABC) method. …

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581-588

Thea Visser, South Africa
Evelyn Chiloane-Tsoka South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 12(4), P. 427 - 432

Published: Dec. 15, 2014

The South African government recognizes the importance of entrepreneurial activity as a means of energizing the country’s economy and encouraging growth and development. The rapid growth in family businesses in South Africa can be attributed to the rationalization process taking place in many large organizations, as well as to the growing inability of the informal sector to create new jobs. However, the contribution of family businesses to socio-economic growth has never really received sufficient attention. This article expands on the work of previous family-business literature in South Africa. From the literature, there is evidence of family-business failure which is due …

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427-432

2013

Open innovation in small and micro enterprises Creative Commons
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Julia Hautz, Austria
Karina Repke, Germany
Kurt Matzler Austria
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 11(1), P. 12 - 22

Published: April 1, 2013

Open innovation has become a key strategic element to increase the generation and commercialization of innovations among big companies. Small and medium-sized firms (SMEs), that exhibit particular characteristics regarding organization, culture and strategy, have been more reluctant to adopt this approach. Thus little research exists on the adoption of open innovation among SMEs, and small and micro companies in particular. The paper presents the results of an explorative research design based upon semi-structured and narrative interviews that investigates particularities of small and micro firms regarding the sources of innovation, the strengths and weaknesses of their innovation process, and the potential …

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12-22

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 11(3), P. 86 - 94

Published: Sept. 24, 2013

Robert Kaplan and David Norton emphasize that the four perspectives of their standard balanced scorecard (BSC) need to be adapted to the organizational context. Yet, we lack a coherent body of knowledge on these adaptations. 20 years after the implementation of the BSC, a literature review is warranted to investigate if and how the original BSC has been modified in practice. The authors conduct a systematic literature review of leading academic journals from 1992 to 2012 to identify and analyze the extant empirical evidence on the BSC. The authors find 117 empirical studies on the BSC, of which 27 deal …

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86-94

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 11(4), P. 68 - 76

Published: Dec. 1, 2013

Management fashion theory is a growing research area in management studies. The focus of this management fashion literature is to understand why some management concepts spread quickly and widely, while others do not. However, doing research on fashionable management concepts is a difficult task, and many commentators have pointed out the limitations of the research methods used in extant research. A consequence of these difficulties is that the theory has many understudied areas and ‘blind spots’. This paper aims at providing a review of the research methods typically used in management fashion research, and assessing the strengths and weaknesses of …

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68-76

2012

Alexandra Stocks, South Africa
Kurt A. April, South Africa
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2012, Volume and Issue: 10(1), P. 17 - 24

Published: April 18, 2012

These analyses explore the differences in locus of control and subjective well-being in China and Southern Africa, including how these variables relate to each other in each region and how demographic variables relate to both subjective well-being and locus of control. One hundred and eleven professionals were studied across Southern Africa and China and the hypothesis that the different regions would yield different locus of control and subjective well-being profiles was supported, with different demographic variables affecting each region differently. Furthermore, locus of control and subjective well-being were differently correlated to one another, with China showing significant negative correlation between …

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17-24

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2012, Volume and Issue: 10(2), P. 42 - 49

Published: July 5, 2012

The escalating demand of stakeholders’ interests in social performance has put pressure on corporations to embark on social responsibility reporting and practices in order to gratify the demands and to gain public support. Some organizations have already responded well to this perspective, either by publishing a separate report regarding their social activities, or by providing such information in their annual report or on their web site. The aim of this study is to better understand the relationship between CSR and financial performance in Indian context. Previous research on the relationship between corporate social responsibility and financial performance has largely been …

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42-49

2011

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2011, Volume and Issue: 9(1), P. 46 - 58

Published: March 22, 2011

This article describes a method for human capital scenario analysis, one that may be used as an organizational intelligence (OI) tool capable of supporting management decision-making. Here, scenario analysis supports a knowledge management based (KM-based) decisional method for integrating human resource (HR) and fiscal data in performance measurement. This OI scenario analysis tool may be used in strategic management, organizational development, performance measurement, and HR-related risk mitigation. The aim is to strengthen decisional capacity with regard to the management of human capital and in general with regard to the advancement of organizational performance and productivity goals. The approach taken is …

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46-58

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2011, Volume and Issue: 9(1), P. 39 - 45

Published: March 22, 2011

With Facebook reaching half a billion users in mid-2010 and two thirds of consumers worldwide using the Internet before purchasing goods (Erbenich, Freundt, 2008) the social web represents an increasingly important point of interaction or touchpoint between businesses and consumers. This paper asks marketing professionals and experts from academia about the impact of social media marketing on the decision-making process and evaluates which social web platforms are most suitable for influencing high involvement purchase decisions. The results indicate that in the early phases of the purchase decision process, social networks, wikis and blogs are the platforms to use. In the …

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39-45

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2011, Volume and Issue: 9(3), P. 114 - 121

Published: Oct. 8, 2011

This paper presents the most recent evolutionary lines in operational research, through a review of the basic principles that guide this field of research. In broad terms, some emphasis is given to the fact that Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis (or Aid) (MCDA) takes into account that decision-making processes are complex and composed of several actors with different perceptions and value systems, stressing that this approach highlights the limits of objectivity, and considers the possibility that some problems may not have an optimal solution. In this vein, it is beyond the scope of this paper to discuss the modeling of particular …

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114-121

Linh Chi Vo France
Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2011, Volume and Issue: 9(4), P. 89 - 97

Published: Feb. 14, 2011

The corporate social responsibility (CSR) movement has attracted significant attention from academics and has quickly moved up the corporate agenda over the past number of years. However, the literature tends to focus disproportionately on large organizations. As SMEs (small and medium enterprises) play a crucial role in the European economy and their unique characteristics make it far from applicable for them to employ CSR theories and practices of large corporations, considerable research is needed to enhance SME CSR field. The purpose of this article is to contribute to this endeavor by conducting a thorough review of the literature on the …

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89-97

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2011, Volume and Issue: 9(4), P. 17 - 33

Published: Feb. 14, 2011

This paper presents the findings from a study, based on the annual reports’ analysis of German corporations listed in the DAX30, TecDAX, MDAX and SDAX, that investigates whether the implementation of audit committees and independent members with financial expertise leads to higher accounting quality (lower earnings management and accounting errors). The analysis of regressions conducted states a significant negative link between the independence and financial expertise of its members, earnings management and accounting errors. Significant results cannot be achieved if less than 50% of the audit committee members are independent financial experts

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17-33

Problems and Perspectives in Management, Journal Year: 2011, Volume and Issue: 9(4), P. 72 - 88

Published: Feb. 14, 2011

This study examines the predictive power of comprehensive income and its individual components within the homogenous institutional setting of German IFRS firms. First of all, the predictive power of income numbers is an attribute of high relevance for analysts as it reduces their forecast risks. Second, the standard setters are prominently referring to the importance of financial statements to assist their users in predicting the entity’s future cash flows and, in particular, their timing and certainty. Third, the examination of predictive power provides direct evidence on the relation between accounting information and future firm operating performance. The authors find no …

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72-88