Psychology In Russia

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2018

Gulina M.A., Professor, Doctor of Philology City University, London, England; Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Burelomova A.S., Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; City University of London, London, United Kingdom
Tikhomandritskaya O.A. Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2018, Volume and Issue: 11(3), P. 128 - 144

Published: Aug. 16, 2018

Background: Intimate Partner Violence (IPV), also known as domestic violence, spousal abuse, and relationship violence, among other names, is becoming a widely recognized social and public health problem. Theory and practice suggest it is vital that the issue be addressed comprehensively in both the healthcare and socio-legal contexts. The theoretical perspectives underlying inquiries into the nature and etiology of the IPV phenomenon are of fundamental importance in promoting our understanding of how to prevent, reduce, or eliminate the problem. In order to integrate various aspects of knowledge about the phenomenon, it is important to consider and evaluate the approaches to …

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128-144

2017

Kashapov M.M., Professor, doctor in Psychology Demidov Yaroslavl State University Yaroslavl, Russia
Serafimovich I.V., Department of Humanities, Yaroslavl Branch of Plekhanov Russian University of Economics Yaroslavl, Russia
Poshekhonova Y.V. Department of Pedagogics and Pedagogical Psychology, Demidov State University Yaroslavl, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 10(1), P. 80 - 94

Published: Jan. 1, 2017

This article describes the functions of metacognition and the role of these functions in professional pedagogical thinking (PPT): the discovery of the emergence of a problemacy, the organization of cognition processes, and the management of the comprehension and resolution of the problem situation. Thinking is related to the metacognitive activity of a subject. Components and strategies of metacognition are included in the PPT process and define (by means of conscious or unconscious regulation) the efficiency of discovering and solving problems in an interpersonal interaction situation that must be comprehended and transformed. One of the conditions providing for realization of the …

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80-94

Lovakov A.V., Center for Institutional Studies, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Agadullina E.R., School of Psychology, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia
Schaufeli W.B. Research Unit Occupational & Organizational Psychology and Professional Learning, KU Leuven, Leuven, Belgium;
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 10(1), P. 145 - 162

Published: Jan. 1, 2017

This article aims to analyze the psychometric properties of the Russian version of the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES-9) by using a sample of 1783 employees of a large Russian organization. We conducted a series of Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) tests of the factorial structure and the configural, metric, scalar, factor variance, factor covariance, and factor means invariances of the model across gender and age groups. The validity of the Russian version of the UWES-9 was investigated by study- ing its relationship with burnout, job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and turnover inten- tion. The CFA showed that both the 1-factor and …

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145-162

Velichkovsky Boris M., Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Psychology Neurocognitive Sciences and Intellectual Systems, NIC “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia; Applied Cognitive Research, Technische Universitaet, Dresden, Germany
Krotkova O.A., N.N. Burdenko Institute of Neurosurgery, Moscow, Russia
Sharaev M.G., National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia
Ushakov V.L. National Research Centre “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 10(3), P. 7 - 27

Published: July 1, 2017

Background. Ideas about relationships between “I”, egocentric spatial orientation and the sense of bodily “Self ” date back to work by classics of philosophy and psychology. Cognitive neuroscience has provided knowledge about brain areas involved in self-ref­erential processing, such as the rostral prefrontal, temporal and parietal cortices, often active as part of the default mode network (DMN). Objective and Method. Little is known about the contribution of inferior parietal areas to self-referential processing. Therefore, we collected observations of everyday be­havior, social communication and problem solving in patients with brain lesions local­ized either in the left inferior parietal cortex (LIPC group, …

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7-27

Novikova I.A., Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Vorobyeva A.A. Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 10(4), P. 93 - 106

Published: July 24, 2017

Background: The Five-Factor Model (FFM) of personality traits is one of the most comprehensive personality models in modern psychology. The traits, or domains, of the model, provide an extensive framework, which allows researchers to analyse the correlation between the aspects of personality and various aspects of social behaviour. Academic achievement is a key factor in a subject’s success, and a more comprehensive understanding of its potential factors could improve educational programs and teaching strategies. Objectives: The purpose of this paper is to consider the correlations between the FFM (Big Five) personality traits and the academic achievement of university students in …

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93-106

Morosanova V.I., Psychologial Institute of Russian Academy of Education Moscow
Gaidamashko Ig.V., Institute of Cybernetics, Moscow Technological University (MIREA), Moscow, Russia
Chistyakova S.N., Department of Professional Education, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Burmistrova-Savenkova A. V., Laboratory of Self-regulation, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Kondratyuk N.G. Laboratory of Self-regulation, Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2017, Volume and Issue: 10(4), P. 195 - 208

Published: Oct. 20, 2017

Background. The present research is carried out in the context of the conscious self-regulation of professional activity. Objective. It investigates the regulatory and personality predictors of reliability in rescue operations under stressful conditions. Design. The research sample includes 87 rescuers (72 men and 15 women aged from 25 to 50 years). Respondents were asked to complete the Morosanova’s Self-Regulation Profile Questionnaire – SRPQM, the Eysenck Personality Profile - Short (EPP-S), and the expert questionnaire “Professional Reliability of Rescue Operation” designed for this particular study. Results. On the basis of a correlation analysis, the structural model of the predictors of action …

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2016

Bayanova L.F., Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
Tsivilskaya E.A., Educational Psychology Chair, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia.
Bayramyan R.M., Educational Psychology Chair, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
Chulyukin K.S. Educational Psychology Chair, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: 9(4), P. 94 - 105

Published: Dec. 1, 2016

The study presented in this article relies on the principles of the cultural-historical theory, which defines cultural impact as the main driving force behind psychological development. Based on the assumption that culture is a set of normative situations, the study identifies rules that are typical for primary school students in big Russian cities. These rules are grouped into what we refer to as factors of cultural compliance, which ultimately can be seen as indicators of pupils’ cultural congruence. In specifying the cultural congruence of primary school students, we take into account not only the rules of school life but also …

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94-105

2015

Shmeleva E.A., Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia
Kislyakov P.A., Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia
Luneva L.F. Ivanovo State University, Ivanovo, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(1), P. 74 - 85

Published: Feb. 3, 2015

The negative sociocultural transformations that are taking place in modern society and the resulting psychological transformation of personality and mode of life strongly require searching for ways of providing social safety to the next generation, with teachers being the implementers of this process. Teachers’ professionalism is determined by their willingness to solve personal and socially relevant problems, including the willingness to provide social security for other people, to thwart social risks, and to build constructive interpersonal relationships. The aim of our research was to reveal and to analyze the psychological factors affecting the readiness of teachers to ensure social security …

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Bordovskaia N.V., Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, Dr. in Education Head of Psychology and Pedagogy for Personality Development chair, St.Petersburg State University, St.Petersburg, Russia
Baeva I.A. Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia, St. Petersburg, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(1), P. 86 - 99

Published: March 13, 2015

The interest of psychologists in the study of safety in the educational environment and its psychological characteristics is increasing. The aim of this study was to select, substantiate, and disclose the psychological factors in the educational environment that influence the psychological well-being of pupils. There were three stages in our research: clarifying the level of psychological safety in the schools in the study; revealing the consistency of the teachers’ and the students’ evaluations of the level of psychological safety in those schools; determining the nature of the influence of the psychological safety of the educational environment on the psychological well-being …

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Grishina N.V. Saint-Petersburg State University, Saint-Petersburg, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(1), P. 157 - 160

Published: Jan. 1, 2015

Considering today’s abundance of psychology books, from reprints of timeless classic works through scholarly editions to popular literature, it is hard to expect a new book to become a big event in psychology. However, a book entitled The Phenomenon of Envy is hard to overlook: as observed by the author, very few people are unaffected by envy. Besides, the name of the author, Aleksander I. Dontsov, former head of the Faculty of Psychology at Moscow State University and of the Russian Psychological Society, is well known among Russian scholars.

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157-160

Singer E. University Utrecht, Utrecht, The Netherlands
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(1), P. 27 - 35

Published: June 8, 2015

Play and playfulness are basic features in early childhood education. The elements of play are pleasure, a sense of freedom, and the co-construction of shared meaning through the use of rules or rhythms. Play and learning are closely related in early childhood. But when the focus on the educational benefits of play becomes too strong, the most essential feature of play is lost: children’s pleasure. Young children in group settings often have to adapt to the teachers’ demands related to security, hygiene, and social norms and values. But the playfulness of the teachers helps to overcome differences in power in …

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Lohmander M.K., University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Samuelsson I.P. University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(2), P. 18 - 26

Published: May 14, 2015

Learning through play is a common phrase in early childhood education worldwide. Play is often put forward as the overarching principle for working with young children (Johnson, Christie, & Wardle, 2005). However, if we go beyond the rhetorical level and explore how “learning through play” and a “play-based curriculum” are understood and transformed into practice, we may find differences both within and between countries (Karlsson Lohmander & Pramling Samuelsson, 2014a, 2014b; Pramling Samuelsson & Fleer, 2009). In this article we discuss the relationship between the concepts of play and learning and describe how they are enacted in everyday practice in …

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Morosanova V.I., Psychologial Institute of Russian Academy of Education Moscow
Fomina T.G., Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education Moscow, Russia
Bondarenko I.N. Psychological Institute of the Russian Academy of Education Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(3), P. 136 - 157

Published: July 30, 2015

Using the results of two empirical studies (with different samples and academic subjects), our research was aimed at discovering the significant role of conscious self-regulation, intelligence, and cognitive features in predicting optimal academic achievement. The sample consisted of 406 students (aged 14-16) in the 8th to 11th grades of the Russian formal education system. Conscious self-regulation together with intelligence and cognitive abilities was determined to be a significant predictor of academic success. The Study 1 results revealed that the general level of self-regulation of learning activity and certain regulatory features were significant predictors of different types of mathematical achievements: academic …

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Cognitive predictors of success in learning Russian Creative Commons
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Malykh S. B., Professor, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology, member of the Presidium RPS deputy director of the Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education, provost of the Moscow State University of Psychology and Education Moscow, Russia
Zinchenko Yu. P., Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology
Tikhomirova T.N., Psychological Institute of Russian Academy of Education. Lomonosov Moscow State University. Moscow, Russia
Verbitskaya L.A. professor, Doctor in Philology, Member of the Russian Academy of Education; President of the Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia.; President of St. Petersburg State University; President of the International Association of Teachers of Russian Language and Literature (MAPRYAL).
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(3), P. 91 - 100

Published: Oct. 29, 2015

This study examines the role of cognitive characteristics in the success in learning Russian, assessed through teachers’ grades and test scores on standardized state exams. This paper examines the relationship between cognitive characteristics, such as nonverbal intelligence, working memory and speed of information processing, and the results of the Unified State Exam for 11th grade students, the Basic State Exam for 9th grade students and the traditional assessment of Russian language learning. This study involved students in the 9th and 11th grades from four educational institutions in the Moscow and St. Petersburg regions; 427 students were studying in the 9th …

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Téllez A., Psychology School, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL) Monterrey, México; Centro de Investigación y Desarrollo en Ciencias de la Salud (CIDICS), Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León Monterrey, México
García C.H., Psychology School, Universidad Autónoma de Nuevo León (UANL) Monterrey, México
Corral-Verdugo V. Universidad de Sonora Hermosillo, México
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(3), P. 27 - 47

Published: Sept. 10, 2015

Quantitative psychological research is focused on detecting the occurrence of certain population phenomena by analyzing data from a sample, and statistics is a particularly helpful mathematical tool that is used by researchers to evaluate hypotheses and make decisions to accept or reject such hypotheses. In this paper, the various statistical tools in psychological research are reviewed. The limitations of null hypothesis significance testing (NHST) and the advantages of using effect size and its respective confidence intervals are explained, as the latter two measurements can provide important information about the results of a study. These measurements also can facilitate data interpretation …

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Petrova H.A., Russian State Social University Moscow, Russia
Zavarzina O.O., Russian State Social University Moscow, Russia
Kytianova I.P., Russian State Social University Moscow, Russia
Kozyakov R.V. Russian State Social University Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2015, Volume and Issue: 8(4), P. 126 - 138

Published: Nov. 30, 2015

This article presents research on the most effective measures in rehabilitation programs for people with chemical addictions and research on the personal characteristics that influence the complete cessation of drug and alcohol consumption. Building a model of an effective rehabilitation process is one of the most significant problems in organizing aid for drug and alcohol addicts. Analysis of the results of previous research revealed a number of factors that influence the stability of remission: individual biological factors (general state of health, presence of co-existing diseases); individual psychological factors (coping strategies, shifting of attention, self-control, aggressiveness); rehabilitation program factors (duration of …

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2014

Social anxiety in children Creative Commons
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Avakyan T.V., Student at Clinical psychology and psychotherapy chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education Moscow, Russia
Volikova S.V. Assistant professor at Clinical psychology and psychotherapy chair, Moscow State University of Psychology and Education; research fellow at Scientific Research Institute for Psychiatry Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(1), P. 73 - 82

Published: Jan. 1, 2014

Results of research on social anxiety in orphaned children are presented in this article. The goal of this study was to identify the relationship between depressive states, anxiety states, characteristics of the situation at school, and fear of social evaluation in orphaned children. The differences in these parameters between orphaned children and children living with their families were also studied. The sample consisted of 123 teenagers. The main group comprised 57 orphans from an orphanage near the Moscow region, aged 10 to 16 years old. The control group comprised 66 students from a general school, aged 10 to 15 years …

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73-82

Security in the worldview of Russians Creative Commons
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Zinchenko Yu. P., Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology
Zotova O.Yu. University of the Humanities Yekaterinburg, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(1), P. 50 - 61

Published: March 10, 2014

This article deals with the role of security in shaping an individual’s standpoints, opinions, attitudes, and unique world picture. It is argued that security/insecurity is a subjective notion of individuals about the absence/presence of threats to their existence. The results of a study of the security notions maintained by Russians are described. The data obtained give grounds to suggest that the following characteristics exist in the ordinary consciousness of Russians: security is perceived as a state associated with inactivity; security is seen as the basis of harmonious interpersonal relations; security is considered a kind of “ideal world” and is understood …

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50-61

Extremism from the perspective of a system approach Creative Commons
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Zinchenko Yu. P. Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(1), P. 23 - 33

Published: March 17, 2014

Extremism is seen as a complex, multilevel, and multicomponent phenomenon. The problems of modern science in understanding extremism are revealed. The following bases of extremism as a system phenomenon are singled out: social factors, latent extremism, and extremist acts. It is demonstrated that a system approach makes it possible to shape a notion of a subject as a system, to identify patterns of the manifestations of the given phenomenon, and to translate them into concrete practices.

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23-33

Vygotsky and Piaget: Scientific concepts Creative Commons
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Alves P.F. Quintino Aires Institute, Clinic of Post-Classical Psychotherapy, Lev Vygotsky Institute, Lisbon, Portugal
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(3), P. 24 - 34

Published: Aug. 15, 2014

Jean Piaget’s so-called biological perspective is often paired with the viewpoint of Lev Vygotsky when we speak of learning in humans. Both authors acknowledged the active role of children in the construction of knowledge. However, they differ in that, unlike Piaget, Vygotsky believed that the assimilation of new information does not have to wait for an appropriate level of development but must, on the contrary, produce that development through instruction; thus, cooperation between teacher and student promotes the development of higher psychological functions. The present research presents proof that school instruction is instrumental in this process. Samples of adults who …

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Rasskazova E.I., Clinical psychologist and psychotherapist, research fellow at the Research Center for Mental Health, Russian Academy of Medical Science, Moscow, Russia; Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; Federal State Budgetary Research Institution “Centre for Protection of Rights of Children”, Moscow, Russia
Soldatova G.V. Professor, Dr. in Psychology, Personality Psychology chair, Faculty of Psychology, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: 7(4), P. 65 - 74

Published: Dec. 2, 2014

In this paper, we developed a psychological model of digital competence including four components (knowledge, skills, motivation and responsibility) and four spheres (work with online content, communication, technical activity and consumption). The Digital Competence Index (DCI) is a 52-item instrument assessing an index and an entire profile of digital competence. In the Russian population study (1203 adolescents 12-17 years old and 1209 parents), acceptable reliability (.72-.90 for all of the scales, except motivation) of DCI was demonstrated. Confirmatory factor analysis supported the superiority of the four-component structure with the second-order index. Mean DCI was 34% of the maximally possible level …

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65-74

2013

Symbol as cognitive tool of mental activity Creative Commons
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Veraksa Aleksandr N. Doctor of Psychology International affairs director of the RPS; Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 6(1), P. 57 - 65

Published: Jan. 1, 2013

The article describes various aspects of symbolic mediation and is aimed at showing its specificity. The author views a situation of uncertainty as a structural element of a symbol and introduces the notion of a symbol being a special tool for orientation in such situations. On the one hand, a symbol is contrasted to a sign, and on the other, is regarded as a transitional form in the process of its mastering. Author pays special attention to understanding the role of symbol in connection with understanding of play and its role in child’s development. Emotional and cognitive functions of symbol …

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57-65

Zinchenko Yu. P., Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Pervichko E.I. Associate professor, Doctor of Psychology Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 6(1), P. 43 - 56

Published: Jan. 1, 2013

The work presents historiographic and theoretical methodological study of establishment of fundamental theses of L.S. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical concept within the field of clinical psychology. We prove potency in application of contemporary philosophical concepts, which help distinguish between the types of scientific rationality (classical, nonclassical, and postnonclassical), for scientific reflection over the development of psychology and designation of paradigmatic status of cultural-historic concept suggested by L.S. Vygotsky and Vygotsky-Luria syndrome approach at the contemporary stage of science. Present study of scientific works of L.S. Vygotsky and his followers demonstrated that fundamentals of cultural-historic conception suggested by L.S. Vygotsky and further developed …

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Gladkova A.A. Ph.D, Senior Researcher, Faculty of Journalism, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 6(1), P. 138 - 143

Published: Jan. 1, 2013

This article examines the influence of the mass media and in particular television on the development of the values of pluralism and cultural diversity in children. The role of television is quite important in forming positive attitudes toward cultural, ethnic, and other groups and in inculcating an adequate perception of social reality and tolerant, multicultural awareness. The article also analyzes the functions and principles of public broadcasting, among which diversity of programming is one of the most significant.

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138-143

Veraksa N.E., Doctor of Psychology, Dean of the Department of Psychology of Education Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky; Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Belolutskaya A.K., PhD in Psychology, Leading researcher of the Laboratory of child development Scientific and Research Institute of Capital Education, Moscow City Teachers' Training University.Moscow, Russia
Vorobyeva I.I., PhD in Psychology, Associate professor Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky, Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Krasheninnikov E.E., PhD in Psychology, Associate professor Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky, Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Rachkova E.V., PhD in Psychology Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia
Shiyan I.B., PhD in Psychology, Chairperson of the Laboratory of child development Scientific and Research Institute of Capital Education, Moscow City Teachers' Training University. Moscow, Russia
Shiyan O.A. associate professor, PhD in Education, Associate professor Institute of Psychology, named after L.S.Vygotsky, Russian State University for the Humanities. Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 6(2), P. 65 - 77

Published: April 1, 2013

In this article dialectical thinking is regarded as one of the central cognitive processes. Because of this cognitive function we can analyze the development of processes and objects. It also determines the possibilities for the creative transformation of some content and for solving problems. The article presents a description and the results of experimental studies. This evidence proves that dialectical thinking is a specific line of cognitive development in children and adults. This line can degrade during school time if the educational program follows formal logical principles, or it can become significantly stronger if the pedagogy is based on dialectical …

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65-77

The role of time perspective in coping behavior Creative Commons
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Bolotova A.K., Professor, doctor in Psychology Head of the Department National Research University Higher School of Economics Moscow, Russia
Hachaturova M.R. Ph.D in Psychology, lecturer, General and experimental psychology chair, National Research University “Higher School of Economics” Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2013, Volume and Issue: 6(3), P. 120 - 131

Published: Feb. 18, 2013

This article describes research on the role of time perspective in a person’s choice of coping strategies in interpersonal conflicts. The interrelationship between different types of coping strategies (cognitive, emotional, and behavioral) and the orientation of time perspective are considered. P. G. Zimbardo’s technique, which defines the orientation of time perspective, and E. Heim’s technique, which is directed at exploring coping strategies, are used in our research. The sample consisted of 295 participants: 156 women and 139 men, with an average age of 32 years. The research shows that a future orientation is directly connected with the choice of cognitive …

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120-131

2012

Zinchenko Yu. P., Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia)
Pervichko E.I. Associate professor, Doctor of Psychology Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow, Russia
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2012, Volume and Issue: №5, P. 157 - 184

Published: Dec. 1, 2012

This article considers the potential for applying contemporary philosophical theories (which distinguish classical, nonclassical, and postnonclassical types of scientific rationality) to the specification of theoretical methodological principles in the study of clinical psychology. We prove that psychological syndrome analysis (developed by the Vygotsky–Luria–Zeigarnik school), taken as a system of principles for organizing research as well as for interpreting its results, conforms to the epistemological complexity of the object of study in clinical psychology, which is understood in the postnonclassical scientific view as a self-developing system. We present an example of the formation of a psychosomatic syndrome in 290 patients with …

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157-184

The Cingulate Cortex and Human Memory Processes Creative Commons
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Kozlovskiy S.A., Ph.D in Psychology Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow, Russia
Vartanov A.V., Ph.D in Psychology, Leading scientific fellow, Deputy Director for Science of Institute for Cognitive Studies Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow, Russia
Nikonova E.Y., The Secretary of the Department of Psychophysiology Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow, Russia
Pyasik M.M., Student Lomonosov Moscow State University Moscow, Russia
Velichkovsky Boris M. Professor, member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Psychology, Neurocognitive Sciences and Intellectual Systems, NIC “Kurchatov Institute”, Moscow, Russia, Applied Cognitive Research, Technische Universitaet, Dresden, Germany
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2012, Volume and Issue: №5, P. 231 - 243

Published: Dec. 1, 2012

This study presents data from a magnetic-resonance morphometric (MRMM) analysis of the main regions of the cingulate cortex (in both hemispheres) and their role in memory processes in a group of healthy, females of older age. The results demonstrate a statistically reliable correlation between overall performance and the type of errors in different neuropsychological memory tests and the relative size of these regions. The discovered pattern of correlations can be explained by hypothesizing the reciprocal functional influence of the two major areas of the cingulate cortex – its anterior and posterior dorsal parts – on performance in neuropsychological memory tests.

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231-243

2010

Karabanova O.A. professor, doctor in Psychology
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2010, Volume and Issue: №3, P. 130 - 153

Published: Oct. 1, 2010

The present study is aimed to examine the role of the concept of social situation of development, suggested by L.S. Vygotsky, to define determinants of psychological development of a child in modern developmental psychology. Its heuristic character is exposed by the fact that further elaboration of fundamental and applied as­pects of developmental psychology does not make the concept less urgent New studies still enrich its content, opening perspectives for further research.

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130-153

2009

Asmolov G.A., George Washington University Washington DC (USA)
Asmolov Aleksandr G. professor, member of the Russian Academy of Education, doctor in Psychology
Psychology In Russia, Journal Year: 2009, Volume and Issue: №2, P. 101 - 123

Published: Jan. 1, 2009

The blogs as the platform for a virtual personality construction are considered in the article on the assumption of the positions of Lev S. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical approach. Internet journalism practices are considered as the example for the processes of virtual “I” formation. The authors affirm that the appearance of consecutive and stable “I-representation” in Internet is the necessary condition for a change in dynamics of social nets development from motives which are out of Internet in physical space towards situation when a virtual personality is enough full-fledged to be a motive for new social interactions creation not leaving Internet. As …

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