Kseniya Absatova Laboratory of Neurophysiology of Cognitive Processes, Institute of Developmental Physiology, Russian Academy of Education, Moscow, Russia
Российский журнал когнитивной науки, Journal Year: 2016, Volume and Issue: №1–2, P. 21 - 33

Published: April 1, 2016

In the current study, two standardized English-language assessments, the AWMA by T.P. Alloway (2007) and the WMRS (Alloway, Gathercole, & Kirkwood, 2008), were translated into Russian. The translated version of the AWMA was undertaken by 51 adults and 73 primary school children, and the translated version of the WMRS was completed by the teachers who worked with those children. The WMRS is a questionnaire list for teachers with 20 items which describe possible behavior manifestations of poor working memory in the classroom. The AWMA is a computer test battery with 12 subtests which aim to assess verbal short-term memory, verbal …

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Nika Adamian, Laboratoire Psychologie de la Perception, Universite Paris Descartes, Paris, France
Maria Kuvaldina St. Petersburg State University, St. Petersburg, Russia
Российский журнал когнитивной науки, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: №3, P. 4 - 12

Published: Sept. 18, 2014

The influence of expectation on inattentional blindness (IB) was investigated using a lexical-based IB task. In two experiments, 235 participants performed word compilations from briefly presented letters and combinations of letters with an unexpected syllable appearing in one of the trials. In Experiment 1, we varied the frequency and grammatical form ofthe presented words, evaluating the role of “general” and “contextual” expectations. The results showed the effect of frequency but not of the grammatical form of the words. Experiment 2 controlled for the role of the state of completion of the word compilation in generating “contextual” expectations. We varied two …

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Мария Васильева кафедра теоретической и прикладной лингвистики, филологический факультет, Московский государственный университет им. М.В. Ломоносова, Москва, Россия
Российский журнал когнитивной науки, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: №4, P. 31 - 57

Published: Jan. 1, 2014

Репрезентация морфологии в ментальном лексиконе является одной из актуальных проблем современной психолингвистики. В данной работе делается попытка дать максимально исчерпывающий обзор моделей ментального лексикона, в которых отражена морфемная структура слова, а также поведенческих методик, направленных на проверку данных моделей. Поскольку на данный момент ни одна из моделей не является общепризнанной, мы приводим некоторые основные эффекты, связанные с морфологией, которые были получены в экспериментальных исследованиях и объяснение которых должно быть заложено в идеальную модель.

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Ivan Ivanchei Department of Psychology, Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Российский журнал когнитивной науки, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: №4, P. 4 - 30

Published: Jan. 1, 2014

Almost 50 years ago, Reber described implicit learning as the unintentional and unconscious processing of regularities in the environment. Since then, psychologists have actively investigated this phenomenon. However, there is currently no unambiguous description of the mechanisms of implicit learning. Moreover, the descriptions of implicit learning properties vary depending on the approach to the phenomenon. The main theoretical accounts developed in the last decades are presented in this work. Four types of theories are identified, which differ in how they answer two main questions: 1) How explicit is the knowledge acquired during implicit learning?; and 2) How automatically is it …

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Galina Gradinarova, Research Center for Cognitive Science, Department of Cognitive Science and Psychology, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Petar Kanchev, Research Center for Cognitive Science, Department of Cognitive Science and Psychology, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria
Armina Janyan Research Center for Cognitive Science, Department of Cognitive Science and Psychology, New Bulgarian University, Sofia, Bulgaria; Tomsk State University, Tomsk, Russia
Российский журнал когнитивной науки, Journal Year: 2014, Volume and Issue: № 1–2, P. 22 - 30

Created: Sept. 13, 2022

A great amount of evidence has now been accumulated indicating that many aspects of cognition, including language are closely interconnected with or “grounded” in the sensory-motor modalities. In this respect, an interesting line of research that has not yet been studied in great detail is whether activation of the sensory-motor brain areas can be found when figurative language is processed. Two experiments were conducted to address the following questions: firstly, can evidence of effector-specific motor activation be found in the processing of idioms; secondly, how would such activation unfold in time? We hypothesized that highly imageable idioms are more strongly …

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Coming-out in Body Integrity Dysphoria Creative Commons
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Maya Berger, Department of Psychology, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences, Am Kaiserkai 1, D-20457 Hamburg, Germany.
Aglaja Stirn, Department of Psychosomatics & Psychotherapy, Christian-Albrechts-Universität zu Kiel, University of Applied Sciences, Niemannsweg 147, D-24105 Kiel, Germany.
Erich Kasten Department of Psychology, Medical School Hamburg, University of Applied Sciences, Am Kaiserkai 1, D-20457 Hamburg, Germany.
International Journal of Psychology and Counselling, Journal Year: 2021, Volume and Issue: Vol. 13(4), P. 75 - 80

Created: Aug. 19, 2022

The term body integrity dysphoria (BID) describes a discrepancy between the actual anatomical body constitution and the mentally represented body of a physically impaired person, which is often experienced as chronically dysphoric as well as the resulting desire of the affected person to have a (permanent) physical impairment (amputation, paralysis, etc.) in order to complement their own “true” identity. In the present study, potentially relevant factors influencing the quality of life of BID sufferers in the context of their coming-out process were examined. A questionnaire survey was used to ask BID sufferers (N = 50) about the reactions of their …

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